REPORTED SPEECH @2

Perubahan tidak hanya terjadi pada Tenses-nya saja, melainkan pada kata keterangan waktu juga keterangan tempat..

Berikut perubahan pada Adverb Of Time & Adverb Of Place:

  1. Perubahan Adverb Of Time

    No    Direct Speech        Indirect Speech

    1    Today                    That day

    2    Yesterday                The day before / The Previous day

    3    Two days ago            Two days before

    4    Tomorrow                Next day / The Following day

    5    The day after tomorrow        In Two Days times

    6    Next Week                The Following Week

    7    Last Week                The Previous Week

     

  2. Perubahan Adverb Of Place

    No    Direct Speech        Indirect Speech

    1    This                    That / The

    2    Here                    There

    3    These                    Those

Berikut adalah contoh kalimat dari masing-masing tenses :

  1. Kalimat Tak Langsung (Indirect Speech) yang berasal dari kalimat berita
    1. He said, “I will be a doctor”. (DS)

      He said that he would be a doctor (IS)

    2. He had said, “I Will be studying English at seven o’clock this evening”.(DS).

      He had said that he would be studying English at seven o’clock that evening. (IS)

    3. Ana explained, “I want to go to the movie this afternoon”.(DS)

      Ana explained that she wanted to go to the movie that afternoon. (IS)

    4. Niken said, “I am in the living room”. (DS)

      Niken said the she was in the living room. (IS).

    5. Adrian said, “I have done everything to prevent it”. (DS)

      Adrian said that he had done everything to prevent it. (IS)

    6. My Mother said, “I have been living in the village since fifty years ago”. (DS)

      My Mother said that she had been living in the village since fifty years ago. (IS)

    7. He said, “I bought this book in Gramedia”. (DS)

      He said that he had bought that book im Gramedia. (IS)

       

  2. Kalimat Tak Langsung (Indirect Speech) yang berasal dari kalimat Tanya & Kalimat Perintah

    Di dalam bahasa Inggris ada 2 macam kalimat Tanya, yaitu:

    1. Yes-No Questions

      Hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan untuk Indirect Speech yang berasal dari kalimat tanya Yes-No Questions :

      1. Reporting verb yang sering digunakan adalah: ask, want to know, inquire, wonder dalam IS.
      2. Kita menggunakan if/whether er setelah reporting verb.
      3. Kalimat langsung yang berupa pertanyaan, dalam kalimat tak langsung diubah menjadi kalimat pernyataan. Dengan demikian tanda Tanya atau question mark tidak lagi digunakan.

      Contoh kalimat:

      1. He asked, “Is your father at home?” (DS)

        He asked whether my father was at home. (IS)

      2. Rini wanted to know, ” Will you come to my house ?” (DS)

        Rini wanted to know if I would come to her house (IS)

      3. He asked, “Did you go out last night?” (DS)

        He asked whether I had gone out the previous night (IS)

    2. W-H Questions

      Hal-hal yang perlu diperhatikan adalah:

      1. Reporting verb yang sering digunakan adalah : ask, want to know, wonder dsb.
      2. Tidak menggunakan if atau whether sebagai penghubungnya akan tetapi menggunakan kalimat Tanya itu sendiri.
      3. Pertnyaan berubah menjadi pernyataan, dengan demikian tanda Tanya tidak digunakan lagi.

      Contoh kalimat:

      1. He asked, “Where do you live?” (DS)

        He asked wherq I lived. (IS)

      2. She asked, “Why did you come late?” (DS)

        She asked why I had come late. (IS)

      3. Nani wanted to know, “When will you invite me?” (DS)

        Nani wanted to know when I would invite her. (IS)

    Selain kalimat Tanya, terdapat pula kalimat Lngsung dan tak langsung perintah dalam bahasa Inggris. Berikut hal-hal yng perlu diperhatikan dalam perubahannya:

  1. Reporting verb yang sering digunakan adalah : tell, order, ask, command,.
  2. Orang yang diperintah selalu disebutkan dalam Indirect Speech yang biasanya diletakkan setelah reporting verb.
  3. Setelah orang yang diperintah, ditambahkan to + verb-1 atau to + be + verb-1.

Contoh kalimat:

  1. He said, “Come to house, Ann!” (DS)

    He told Ann to come to his house. (IS)

  2. Dina has said, “Julio don’t hart me!” (DS)

    Dina told Julio not to hart her. (IS)

2 thoughts on “REPORTED SPEECH @2

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  2. Pingback: Direct and Indirect | dimass09's Blog

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